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The Origin Of The Zodiac; The Opinions of Count Volney

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  • The Origin Of The Zodiac; The Opinions of Count Volney

    Should it be asked at what epoch this system [the zodiacal symbolism],took its birth, we shall answer on the testimony of the monuments of astronomy itself, that its principles appear with certainty to have been established about 17,000 years ago. And if it be asked to what people it is to be attributed, we shall answer that the same monuments, supported by unanimous traditions, attribute it to the first clans(African People) of Egypt; and "when Reason finds in that country all the circumstances which could lead to such a system; when it finds there a central point of the sphere of the ancients, a salubrious climate, a great, but manageable river, a soil fertile without art or labor, inundated without morbid exhalations , and placed between two seas which communicate with the richest countries, it conceives that the inhabitant of the Nile, addicted to agriculture, from the nature of his soil, to geometry from the annual necessity of measuring his lands, to commerce from the facility of communication, to astronomy from the state of his sky, always open to observation, must have been the first to pass from the savage to the social state; and consequently to attain the physical and moral sciences necessary to civilized life.
    It was then, on the borers of Upper Egypt Nile, among a people of African descent-men and women, that was organized the complicated system of the worship of the stars, considered in relation to the productions of the earth and the labors of agriculture' and this first worship characterized by their adoration under their own forms and natural attributes, was a simple proceeding of the human mind. ...

    As Soon as this agricultural people began to observe the stars with attention, they found it necessary to individualize or group them; and to assign them each a proper name. ... First , the heavenly bodies, similar in form, offered no distinguishing characteristics by which to denominate them; and secondly, the language in its infancy and poverty had no expressions for so many new and metaphysical ideas.

    Necessity, the usual stimulus of genius, surmounted everything. Having remarked that in annual revolution, the renewal and periodical appearance of terrestrial productions were constantly associated with the rising and setting of certain stars, and to their position as relative to the Sun, ... the mind by a natural operation connected in thought the terrestrial and celestial objects, which were connected in fact; and applying to them a common sign, it gave to the stars and their groups, the names of the terrestrial objects to which they answered..

    Thus, the Ethiopian of Thebes named the stars of inundation or Aquarius, those stars under which the Nile began to overflow; stars of the 'lion, those under which that animal, driven from the desert thirst, appeared on the baks of the Nile; stars of the lamb, stars of the two kids, those under which these precious animals were brought forth...

    Thus, the same Ethiopian having observed that the return of the inundation always corresponded with the rising of a beautiful star which appeared towards the source of the Nile, and seemed to warn the husbandman against the coming waters, he compared this action to that of the animal who, by his barking, give notice of danger, and he called this star "Dog", the barker (Sirius). In the same manner he named the Stars of the crab, those where the Sun, having arrived at the tropic treated by a slow retrograde motion-like the crab or cancer.

    He named stars of the wild goat or Capricorn, those where the Sun, having reached the highest point in his annuary tract ... imitates the goat, who delights to climb to the summit of the rocks. He named the stars of the balance, or Libra, those where the days and nights being equal, seemed in equilibrium, like that instrument; and stars of the Scorpion, those where certain periodical winds bring vapors, burning like the venom of the Scorpion.

    In the same manner he called by the name of rings and serpents and the figured traces of the orbits of the stars and the planets, and such was the general mode of naming all the stars and even planets, taken by groups of as individuals, according to their relations with husbandry and terrestrial objects, and according to the analogies which each nation found between them and the objects of its particular soul and climate."

    African Historical Synthetical Synergy

    Now, Count Volney has touched upon some very important issue in his excerpt above. I a think as an African, I accept his laying out the origin of Star-gazing, naming and mapping. The way he describes it as it manifested itself in Egypt, is true to form and African ways of live: cultures, customs, tradition, history, knowledge gathering, naming the earth and the environments they lived in and existed from and in.The very ways through which Volney goes into entrenching into the historiography of the AFricans of Egypt, had already been the practice of the Africans of Mzantsi.

    When we here in Mzantsi say that humanity originated from here, we mean it in many ways. But this should also be said in terms of where we came from and how we got here. That will be an entirely separate article. In this one, then, it is a fact that there has now been discovered material artifacts, material culture that nobody knew about, that is why we get the information from Volney about the Origin of the Zodiac from an Egyptian historical account. I do not have a problem as to how he links these origins, but I take a different tack from the account of the fact it originated here in Mzantsi(South Africa.

    It is now being revealed that in south Africa, that there was a culture and civilization that predates Egypt by hundreds of thousands of years.

    Today, in South Africa has been found Pre-Stone age civilizations. There are, so far as it stands now, inexplicable elements of a large numbers of ruins and settlements; the sheer size of the area they cover; the hundreds of kilometers of ancient roads; thousands of large stone monoliths and statues aligned to many celestial and geographic elements; thousands of kilometers of agricultural terraces; and very large size of the population required to build all these structure.

    From the accounts of Joao de Barros it is more feasible that the mysterious inscriptions at the Great Zimbabwe was not the work of the new African settlers from the north, who most likely just occupied the structure, but an earlier southern African civilization, who were well evolved in the art of building stone, and more importantly, people who had the knowledge of writing.

    It is also important to study the present-day and past cultural, customary, traditional linguistic, sacred rites and practices, music and dance of the present indigenous people of South Africa. This is a no brainer.. In order for us to understand the past, the present needs to be interrogated, too, as well as the past, to make sense in the present future we are in- to shape and form the further much better.

    The Africans of South Africa have embedded within their cultures, custom, traditions the cosmos as part of our living culture. This is used to check seasons, for planting and harvesting and doing a myriad other duties within the commune and community; Stars have been named and used for direction and to foretell events and anticipate the good and bad of life.. The herdboys would talk about them and the type of weather that is coming, and this learned by the fire when sitting next to the elders and they listening-in. so that, the events that affected the day-to-day lives of the Africans in South Africa have been accounted for whenever they are practicing their lied culture; they name their children and other things according to the stars' names, nature, animals etc., their behavior(stars) and their repetitive evolution during certain seasons and so forth.

    My point is that, what Volney has accounted for above from the Egyptians and Ethiopians, has been what was going on here in south Africa in those disappeared civilization, that today, the semblance of that can be seen and found amongst the Africans of south Africa. In order for us to talk about the past South African African civilizations, we should be erudite about the nature, form, manifestation, functioning, role, of all our cultural reality along with customs, traditions, and the whole bit.

    African Clutrual practices and manifestations are not just a fiction of life has has thus been characterized. They are as old as the continents were before their separation, then known by geologist to be Gondwanaland. If one were to look at the map of the when it was said to have been conjoined in some fashion until Plate Tectonics kicked-in and moved the continents to as we see them, it is important to look at the Position of Africa, and particularly that of Mzantsi(South Africa. It is at the center of everything, that is why it is place here pre-Stone Age material and artifacts are found from, Therefore, we know that the civilization of Africa stretched from South Africa all the way to the Congo-it is that time period that is being contested. It is that position we are trying to fill up. That is why I come also from the cultural, customary, traditional and so forth point of view to trace and give credence the history that is within these cultures that can be observed today, to those of the disappeared civilization that has been carbon-dated to beyond 200,000 B.C., of which I contend it is more than that, and it is still the same like the semblance of the culture we see today in South Africa.

    This is important and need to be fleshed-out much further and deeper.

    All Ancient civilizations were one with the Stars. They observed them. worshipped them, tracked their movements, depicted them in art and rock engravings, and carved the images of celestial beings on stone. their knowledge of the cosmos was astounding. The Maya civilization created precise calendars, which can measure time and cosmic events for millions of years into the past and the future. They knew about the 26,000-year precessional wobble of the planet(as Did the Dogon With sirius). The Mayas also knew about the constellation of Scorpio and Sagittarius point to the center of our galaxy, the Milky Way. It was only in the latter part of the 20th century when scientists began to realize that these ancient people had a much more advanced knowledge of the cosmos than we have, and more scientists are joining this group of believers, daily...Frequently linked stars with earth life are Sirius, the Pleiades and Orion's Belt.Orion did play a major part in the alignments and construction of the Giza Pyramids, the Chinese Pyramids, the Mayan Pyramids and the Great Zimbabwe, it is Sirius that has caused many surprises

    It is also the key star in the construction of the Great Pyramid, while the Egyptian Sothic calendar is based on the same star. the second of the two southern shafts of the Great Pyramids points to Orion. It is believed that these shafts represent the ascension of the Pharaoh's soul to the source of life, which was believed to be Orion and Sirius. This is just the tip of the iceberg regarding the vast ancient knowledge of the cosmos.The cosmos and its mystique is deeply entrenched in the Ancient African tradition. Credo Mutwa relates that there are various 'star clans' in Africa that carry the Great Star's knowledge, and these people in South Africa today are known as the Ndebele who, in their traditional Oral history carry the ancient knowledge of the "Mbube" Star of the Orion - The far-walking Constellation or "Umhambi" this, as we have learned from Volney above, strs had everything to do with African people's day-to-day lives, as when they are walking long distance from one place to another, this star would be their guide in all aspects of their journey and terrain.

    The Adams Calendar, according to some writers, has shown that these ancient civilizations in the south were in touch with the stars long before anyone else. Some authors state that whole their first calculations showed Adam's Calendar has been aligned with the rise of Orion's Belt on the Spring Equinox some 75,000 years ago, he latest calculations point to a date well over 200,000 years B.C.

    Once we start to analyze the millions of stone ruins of south Africa, it becomes clear and evident that the ancient builders had a very sound grasp and knowledge of the cosmos. One of the most compelling features of many of the larger stone ruins is that they are aligned with the cardinal points of earth, solstices, equinoxes and with Sirius, Orion and other key stars. These ruins expose the ancient skills of the first architect, and they can be found in South Africa, carbon-dated, most of them, to 200,000+ B.C.(See link below)

    As I have started by saying, the other most important thing, if we can fully configure all this theoretical and other information, is to begin to tie it together to the Cultural, Historical , Customary Oral/Historical traditions Sacred Rites and Practices, Music, Dance, Cultural garb, and the whole bit, and suture it into the gaps that will result from putting a structure of the History of Africans Of South Africa into context.. I concede the importance of Egyptian civilization as prime amongst the pantheons of civilizations in the world, I am merely add that it was a continuation of already long established civilizations In South Africa, that is is at the congo where it was the edges of the Civilization of Monomotapa, the Civilization of Mapungubwe, the Now being talked about the remote civilization of Mzantsi(South africa). Ours is to coordinate, synthesize and synergize the narrative and the material to project the African centeredness of all this remote and antiquated culture and its narrative, 'Eruditely'.