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Ancient History

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    African Kingdoms Of The Nile
    Kush, the Egyptian name for ancient Nubia, was the site of a highly advanced, ancient black African civilization that rivaled ancient Egypt in wealth, power and cultural development. The first capital of Kush lay at Kerma just south of the Third Cataract of the Nile. Here dwelt powerful and wealthy black kings who controlled the trade routes connecting central Africa with ancient Egypt. The Egyptians, who had few natural resources of their own, sought the precious, exotic products of central Africa to satisfy the demands of their luxury-loving populace. By about 1500 B.C., the Egyptians, feeling threatened by the Nubian kings, invaded Kush and conquered it. For the next four centuries, the Egyptians exploited Kush as a colony. Egypt's wealth in gold came from the desert mines of Kush. The Egyptian word for gold isnub, which is thought by some to be the origin of the name Nubia.
    Centuries later the prophet Isaiah would refer to "Kush ... of whirring wings," likening it's army to a locust plague. Around 730 B.C., Kush's warrior hordes turned the tables on a weakened Egypt and conquered it. This event established the black Pharaohs of Kush. They ruled an Egyptian-Nubian empire that extended from the Mediterranean to the confluence of the Blue and White Niles for sixty years. Historians would count their reign as Egypt's 25th Dynasty.
    The Kushite pharaohs promoted a renaissance in Egypt and incorporated Egyptian culture, art, and philosophy into their homeland. They built magnificent temples at Jebel Barkal and Meroe, filling them with statuary, cultic implements and religious papyri, which became the inspirational force for their culture for centuries to come. The pyramid, abandoned as the proper tomb type by Egyptian kings a thousand years earlier, was revived by the Kushites and used by their monarchs for a thousand years, which is why today there are many more pyramids in the Sudan than in Egypt.
    Imhotep (First Doctor)
    Imhotep One human being of the ancient world who has left a profound impact on history was the world's first multi-genius Imhotep, the sage, scribe, chief lector priest, architect, astronomer, magician and chief physician to the king. Imhotep received accolades for his literary mastery that earned him recognition in modern times as; "the first man of science in recorded history," "the real Father of Medicine and healing," and "the world's first doctor". Sir William Osier also commented that, "The first figure of a Physician to stand out clearly from the mists of antiquity."

    Imhotep lived at the court of King Zoser (Djoser) of the Third Dynasty around 2980 B.C. and established such a reputation as a physician and healer, that during the later stages his adoration grew into deification, where he was worshipped as a god for the next 3000 years in Egypt, Greece and Rome.

    Imhotep, as a physician, was accepted as the author of the Edwin Smith Papyrus which describes more than 90 anatomical terms and 48 injuries. In Memphis, Imhotep also founded a school of medicine known as Asklepion that remained famous for two thousand years. This was occurring well over 2,000 years before the Western Father of Medicine Hippocrates was even born.

    Imhotep, who also performed surgery and dentistry, diagnosed and treated over 200 diseases including some related to diseases of the abdomen, bladder, rectum, eyes, skin, hair, nails and tongue. He extracted medicine from plants and cured such diseases as spinal tuberculosis, gallstones, appendicitis, gout, mastoid diseases, rheumatoid and arthritis.

    Imhotep and the native Black Egyptians were skilled at detecting diseases by observing the shape, colour or condition of the visible areas of the body like the skin, hair, nails and tongue. They also possessed knowledge of the position and functions of the stomach, lungs, and other vital organs. Furthermore, Imhotep was familiar with the circulation of the blood system some 4000 years before it was identified in Europe, since Egyptian civilization had endured for 6000 years, and would have allowed its greatest thinkers and scientists to effectively carry out major research to an advanced level in many fields.

    Imhotep As Imhotep's fame increased after his death, he was first worshipped as a medical demi-god from 2850 B.C. to 525 B.C. before being elevated to full deity by 525 B.C., replacing Nefertum in th
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    Khufu was the 4th Dynasty (2613-2498) pharaoh who built the Great Pyramid of Giza. Also known by the Greek name, Cheops through a late period of Greek influence on Egypt, the name "Khufu" is the original ancient Egyptian name for this king as demonstrated by his own cartouche.
    Khufu was the son of another great pyramid builder, King Sneferu and his mother was Queen Hetepheres. King Sneferu is remembered as a benevolent ruler, but Khufu is believed by some to have been a more ruthless and tyrannical. Even so, his monumental achievements in erecting the largest of pyramids at Giza, are unprecedented. Khufu reigned for nearly 25 years and demonstrated a commanding ability to organize and mobilize workers. The Great Pyramid stands as symbol of the ability of Khufu to lead and coordinate his people. This structure, which is composed of of nearly 2.5 million stones, is an ancient symbol of sheer power and aptitude.
    The average weight of each stone is over 2 tons and most of the stones that make up the ceiling fixture in the King's Chamber, weigh in excess of 9 tons. The Great Pyramid mortar joints are consistently 1/50 of an inch, which is incredible craftsmanship, considering that of he two million plus stones that makeup the pyramid, no one stone weighs less than a ton. At an original height of over 480 feet (145 m), the pyramid stands as one of the world's greatest, unexplained accomplishments. To this day, the actual movement and placement of the stones is considered a mystery.
    Khufu's development and building of The Great Pyramid is a true symbol of the essence of Black men. The pyramid is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient world that still stands. It reigned as the tallest structure on earth for 43 centuries and it is one of the oldest on earth. Without a doubt, it is also the best built. Its height represents the body... the temple of a Black man. Its colossal weight and size represents the spirit of not only the Black man, but our African culture. The purpose of this great structure was to serve as the tomb of Khufu, which is internally centered in the pyramids' heart. This centralization is representative of the introspection, spirituality, will, and aspirations of the Black man.
    Black Pharaoh (Written and sung by Conscious Plat)
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