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Elijah Muhammad

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  • Elijah Muhammad

    Elijah Muhammad (born Elijah Robert Poole; October 7, 1897 — February 25, 1975) was an African American religious leader, and led the Nation of Islam from 1934 until his death in 1975. Muhammad was a mentor to Malcolm X, Louis Farrakhan, Muhammad Ali; and his son Warith Deen Mohammed. Early life.Elijah Muhammad was born Elijah Robert Poole in Sandersville, Georgia, the sixth of thirteen children to William Poole, Sr. (1868–1942), a Baptist lay preacher and sharecropper, and Mariah Hall (1873–1958), a homemaker and sharecropper.
    Poole's education ended at the fourth grade. To support the family, he worked with his parents as a sharecropper. When he was sixteen years old, he left home and began working in factories and at other businesses.Poole married Clara Evans (1899–1972) on March 7, 1917. In 1923, the Pooles, like hundreds of thousands of other African-Americans in those years, migrated from the Jim Crow South to the northern states for safety and employment opportunities in the industrial cities. Poole later recounted that before the age of 20, he had witnessed the lynchings of three black men by white people. He later said, "I seen enough of the white man's brutality to last me 26,000 years".[1]
    The Pooles settled in Hamtramck, Michigan. Through the 1920s and 1930s, Poole struggled to find and keep work as the economy suffered during the Great Depression. During their years in Detroit, the Pooles had eight children, six boys and two girls.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elijah_Muhammad#Early_life


    In August 1931, at the urging of his wife, Elijah Poole attended a speech on Islam and black empowerment by Wallace Fard Muhammad. Afterward, Poole said he approached Muhammad and asked if he was the redeemer. Muhammad responded that he was, but that his time had not yet come.[4][5] Poole soon became an ardent follower of Wallace Muhammad and joined his movement, as did his wife and several brothers. Soon afterward, Poole changed his surname, first to Karriem, and later, at Wallace Muhammad's behest, to Muhammad. He assumed leadership of a local temple.The man known to Elijah Muhammad as Wallace Fard Muhammad was an enigmatic figure. Little is known about his past. Disputes over his date and place of birth (attributed to both Hawai'i and New Zealand) and his birth name have made many biographies suspect.
    By 1930, Wallace Muhammad had come to Detroit and formed Allah's Temple of Islam. He attracted as many as 25,000 members with his proto-Islamic, Afro-centric teachings.[7] But, Muhammad taught dogma that differed greatly from orthodox Islam and added elements from Marcus Garvey's black nationalist movement. Muhammad conducted a series of lessons and correspondence with Elijah Muhammad and others, which eventually were codified as the doctrine of the Nation of Islam. As the temple grew and became better organized, Wallace Muhammad was named its "supreme minister". Muhammad developed the Fruit of Islam, a militaristic and exclusively male defense arm within the Nation of Islam; he appointed Kalot Muhammad, Elijah Muhammad's younger brother, as its leader. He also developed the Muslim Girls Training program and founded the University of Islam outside the public school system to provide Islamic education.
    In 1932, a mentally unbalanced member of the Nation of Islam, Robert Karriem Harris, committed a highly publicized ritual murder of a fellow Nation of Islam member, James J. Smith. Wallace Muhammad was arrested, but was released on the condition that he leave Detroit. He relocated to Chicago, where he founded Temple No. 2. He turned over leadership of the growing Detroit group to Elijah Muhammad, and the Allah Temple of Islam changed its name to the Nation of Islam.[8] Elijah Muhammad and Wallace Muhammad continued to communicate until 1934, when Wallace Muhammad disappeared. Elijah Muhammad succeeded him in Detroit and was named "Minister of Islam". After the disappearance, Elijah Muhammad told followers that Wallace Muhammad had literally been Allah on earth.[9][10][11]
    In 1934, the Nation of Islam published its first newspaper, Final Call to Islam, to educate and build membership. Children of its members attended classes at the newly created Muhammad University of Islam, but this soon led to challenges by boards of education in Detroit and Chicago, which considered the children truants from the public school system. The controversy led to the jailing of several University of Islam board members and Elijah Muhammad in 1934 and to violent confrontations with police. Muhammad was put on probation, but the university remained open.

  • #2
    Originally posted by Tariq View Post
    Elijah Muhammad (born Elijah Robert Poole; October 7, 1897 — February 25, 1975) was an African American religious leader, and led the Nation of Islam from 1934 until his death in 1975. Muhammad was a mentor to Malcolm X, Louis Farrakhan, Muhammad Ali; and his son Warith Deen Mohammed. Early life.Elijah Muhammad was born Elijah Robert Poole in Sandersville, Georgia, the sixth of thirteen children to William Poole, Sr. (1868–1942), a Baptist lay preacher and sharecropper, and Mariah Hall (1873–1958), a homemaker and sharecropper.
    Poole's education ended at the fourth grade. To support the family, he worked with his parents as a sharecropper. When he was sixteen years old, he left home and began working in factories and at other businesses.Poole married Clara Evans (1899–1972) on March 7, 1917. In 1923, the Pooles, like hundreds of thousands of other African-Americans in those years, migrated from the Jim Crow South to the northern states for safety and employment opportunities in the industrial cities. Poole later recounted that before the age of 20, he had witnessed the lynchings of three black men by white people. He later said, "I seen enough of the white man's brutality to last me 26,000 years".[1]
    The Pooles settled in Hamtramck, Michigan. Through the 1920s and 1930s, Poole struggled to find and keep work as the economy suffered during the Great Depression. During their years in Detroit, the Pooles had eight children, six boys and two girls.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elijah_Muhammad#Early_life


    In August 1931, at the urging of his wife, Elijah Poole attended a speech on Islam and black empowerment by Wallace Fard Muhammad. Afterward, Poole said he approached Muhammad and asked if he was the redeemer. Muhammad responded that he was, but that his time had not yet come.[4][5] Poole soon became an ardent follower of Wallace Muhammad and joined his movement, as did his wife and several brothers. Soon afterward, Poole changed his surname, first to Karriem, and later, at Wallace Muhammad's behest, to Muhammad. He assumed leadership of a local temple.The man known to Elijah Muhammad as Wallace Fard Muhammad was an enigmatic figure. Little is known about his past. Disputes over his date and place of birth (attributed to both Hawai'i and New Zealand) and his birth name have made many biographies suspect.
    By 1930, Wallace Muhammad had come to Detroit and formed Allah's Temple of Islam. He attracted as many as 25,000 members with his proto-Islamic, Afro-centric teachings.[7] But, Muhammad taught dogma that differed greatly from orthodox Islam and added elements from Marcus Garvey's black nationalist movement. Muhammad conducted a series of lessons and correspondence with Elijah Muhammad and others, which eventually were codified as the doctrine of the Nation of Islam. As the temple grew and became better organized, Wallace Muhammad was named its "supreme minister". Muhammad developed the Fruit of Islam, a militaristic and exclusively male defense arm within the Nation of Islam; he appointed Kalot Muhammad, Elijah Muhammad's younger brother, as its leader. He also developed the Muslim Girls Training program and founded the University of Islam outside the public school system to provide Islamic education.
    In 1932, a mentally unbalanced member of the Nation of Islam, Robert Karriem Harris, committed a highly publicized ritual murder of a fellow Nation of Islam member, James J. Smith. Wallace Muhammad was arrested, but was released on the condition that he leave Detroit. He relocated to Chicago, where he founded Temple No. 2. He turned over leadership of the growing Detroit group to Elijah Muhammad, and the Allah Temple of Islam changed its name to the Nation of Islam.[8] Elijah Muhammad and Wallace Muhammad continued to communicate until 1934, when Wallace Muhammad disappeared. Elijah Muhammad succeeded him in Detroit and was named "Minister of Islam". After the disappearance, Elijah Muhammad told followers that Wallace Muhammad had literally been Allah on earth.[9][10][11]
    In 1934, the Nation of Islam published its first newspaper, Final Call to Islam, to educate and build membership. Children of its members attended classes at the newly created Muhammad University of Islam, but this soon led to challenges by boards of education in Detroit and Chicago, which considered the children truants from the public school system. The controversy led to the jailing of several University of Islam board members and Elijah Muhammad in 1934 and to violent confrontations with police. Muhammad was put on probation, but the university remained open.
    Peace..........

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